A tyre is a rubber covering, typically inflated or surrounding an inflated inner tube, placed around a wheel to form a soft contact with the road. The original tyres were a section of iron, placed on wheels, and used on wagons and carts. The tyre would be boiled in a furnace fire, located over the wheel and quenched, to cause the metal to shrink and mount cozily on the tyres.
Most people usually assume that tyres are just made from rubber and filled with air; very few people know about the complex structure and different materials used to make them. Some components like the tread and sidewall are apparent, but there are others that are hidden inside the tyre or the rubber compound itself.
Tube tyres nowadays are a thing of the past, and modern tyres come with a tube fixed to the inside called the inner lining. The sidewalls help makes it rigid and protects the carcass, this, in turn, improves the quality. Generally speaking, a tyre with a larger sidewall tyre is more comfortable than a low-profile one as it has more flex in the sidewall and hence absorbs the road imperfections better.
There are also several different specialty tyres that have been developed to solve specific issues or problems that motorists face:
- Run Flat tyres
There are two different ways of designing a run flat tyre. The simplest is a rim clip, which is simply a rubber clip that stops the tyre rim piercing a hole in your tyre if it goes flat. A slightly more complex version has Reinforced Tyre Sidewalls. This is a device that fits around the metal rim of your tyre and is able to support the weight of your car, even if the tyres run flat as you drive. This greatly reduces your risk of an accident caused by a flat tyre.
- Eco Tyres
Eco tyres are designed with fuel consumption reduction in mind and are built to help the environment and save you money without reducing the overall performance of the car. They aim to reduce the resistance between the tyre and the road this, therefore, means that you have to use less fuel to get moving smoothly. This does, however, mean that you are reducing safety in wet or slippery conditions.
Tyres usually wear out, and there are advantages of replacing worn out tyres such as:
- Ensure better safety.
If you drive a lot or often go to trips safety is the feature that you should pay attention first.
- Give better traction and ensure that a smoother ride is given to those within the vehicle.
New tires make it easier to stop, go and turn your vehicle.